By Paul Emanuelli

In February 2017, after prior consultations with its constituent members, the European Parliament approved the Canada-Europe Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (“CETA”). After the terms of the CETA were negotiated, and while that treaty was undergoing its complex ratification process across Europe, Canada’s federal, provincial and territorial governments negotiated the terms of the new Canadian Free Trade Agreement, which establishes a better harmonization of government procurement standards, including new bid dispute mechanisms, across Canada and the European trading block.